Every year on June 2nd, the Italian people celebrate the Feast of the Italian Republic, an event which is the national holiday of their country. June 2nd was again made a public holiday in the year 2000 at the initiative of the then President of the Republic, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi after several decades in which the party was ignored and is in fact the main Italian Civil national holiday.
This date is remembered as the institutional referendum of June 1946 by which the citizens chose whether to keep the monarchy or change to a republican state after the fall of the fascist regime. The result was that Italy became a republic with the subsequent expulsion of Savoy from Italy with an exile that lasted until March of 2003.
On the feast of the republic, the Italian embassies invite heads of state of the country who hosts the celebrations, and leaders from around the world come to meet the President of the Republic to wish all the politicians at the official ceremony that take place in Italy.
The first major military parade in honor of the Republic was held inVia dei Fori Imperiali in Rome in 1948. The following year, with the entry of Italy in NATO, ten military parades took place simultaneously throughout the country while in 1950; the parade was included in the protocol of the official celebrations.
In addition to the military parade, each year a wreath is laid to the Unknown Soldier or the Altar of the Fatherland in the presence of the highest officers of the state. During the military parade and after the laying of the wreath to the Unknown Soldier, Armed Forces and Police Forces of the Republic and the Fire Brigade take part in the Italian Red Cross.
In 2005, the President of the Republic Carlo Azeglio Ciampi ordered that Municipal Police of the City of Rome and the staff of the Civil Protection will also participate in the parade.